Evidence-Based Parenting

A podcast where common parenting decisions are looked at from an evidence-based perspective using actual data and research.



Feb 14th, 2019 by evidencebasedparenting at 8:38 pm

Join us on this special episode of Evidence-Based Parenting where we talk with Erin Elkins, a certified sleep consultant, about common issues parents face with sleep and sleep training.

Reach out to Erin on Facebook at Mama Bear Sleep Consulting or email her directly to mamabearsleepconsulting@gmail.com.


If you enjoyed this episode, please consider rating and reviewing the podcast on Apple Podcasts, iTunes, or whatever platform you use to listen to your favorite podcasts. We would love for more people to get this information, and the more ratings and reviews we have, the more people will see it. Thanks for listening!


Time Stamps

[00:00] Intro

[00:20] Disclaimer

[00:47] Picks of the Week

[01:48] Erin Elkins' Bio

[02:24] Getting to Know Erin

[04:33] Case 1: Sleep Association

[17:40] Case 2: Sleep Scheduling

[28:00] Various Thoughts on Books and Apps

[32:00] Red Flags

[35:00] Wrap Up/Take Home Points


Erin's Pick of the Week: Do Not Become Alarmed by Maile Meloy.

Feb 4th, 2019 by evidencebasedparenting at 7:34 pm

In this episode, we tackle some of the more common old wives' tales when it comes to parenting. Additionally, we are extending the raffle for the $25 Amazon gift card. If you rate AND review the podcast by Valentine's Day, you will be entered to win.


Time Stamps

[00:00] Intro

[00:17] Disclaimer

[00:46] Introductions and Picks of the Week

[03:31] Naps and Sleeping

[06:14] Sitting Too Close to the TV

[07:56] Chocolate and Acne

[09:12] Carrots and Super Vision

[11:56] Alcohol on the Gums for Teething (Spoiler: DON'T DO THIS)

[13:38] Vicks Vaporub on the Soles of the Feet for Cough

[17:30] Babies Sleep Better on a Full Belly

[19:00] Give Away Info and Next Episode Preview

Jan 25th, 2019 by evidencebasedparenting at 7:55 pm

Okay, here's another controversial one for you. Spanking! Is it effective? Is it harmful? Spoiler alert: it's harmful and ineffective. Double whammy.

If you enjoyed this episode, please consider rating and reviewing the podcast on Apple Podcasts, iTunes, or whatever platform you use to listen to your favorite podcasts. We would love for more people to get this information, and the more ratings and reviews we have, the more people will see it. Thanks for listening!

Time Stamps

[00:00] Giveaway plug

[00:30] Intro/Disclaimer

[01:17] Picks of the Week

[03:40] Spanking Stats

[09:00] Evidence

[11:30] AAP Recommendations

[13:10] Our Thoughts

[16:28] Giveaway Details/Outro


Effective Discipline to Raise Healthy Children

Spanking and child outcomes: Old controversies and new meta-analyses

Jan 16th, 2019 by evidencebasedparenting at 7:39 pm

This episode is the second part of our dietary theme. We look at vegetarianism and veganism in children. Is it safe? Is it healthier? Listen to find out!


Time Stamps

[00:00] Intro

[00:19] Disclaimer

[00:48] Banter and Picks of the Week

[02:26] Intro to Vegan and Vegetarianism

[03:02] Vegetarianism

[07:00] Vegan

[11:28] Our Thoughts

[15:12] Closing and Give Away



Vegetarian Diets in Children? - An Assessment from Pediatrics and Nutrition Science

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Changes in Body Weight in Clinical Trials of Vegetarian Diets

Vegetarian diets in children: a systematic review

Plant-Based, No-Added-Fat or American Heart Association Diets: Impact on Cardiovascular Risk in Obese Children with Hypercholesterolemia and Their Parents

Bone status and adipokine levels in children on vegetarian and omnivorous diets

Jan 7th, 2019 by evidencebasedparenting at 7:33 pm

Milk: it does a body good? Or does it? Find out in this episode, all about drinking cow milk.


Time Stamps

[00:00] Intro

[00:17] Disclaimer

[02:12] Milk!

[02:54] Bone Strength/Health

[06:29] Rickets!

[07:25] Iron-Deficiency Anemia

[09:32] Wrap-up and Our Thoughts

[11:37] Outro



Consumption of cow's milk as a cause of iron deficiency in infants and toddlers.

Health effects of cow’s milk consumption in infants up to 3 years of age: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Sunlight and vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disease

Milk, dietary calcium, and bone fractures in women: a 12-year prospective study.

Chapter 67 - Vitamin D Deficiency and Nutritional Rickets in Children

Vitamin D and Fracture Risk in Early Childhood: A Case-Control Study


Dec 23rd, 2018 by evidencebasedparenting at 7:36 pm

In this episode, we look at the American Academy of Pediatrics' (AAP) recommendation to have no more than 2 hours of screen time for children over age 2 and no screen time at all before age 2. The literature suggests that excess screen time is associated with obesity, poor diet, sleep irregularity, and behavioral issues. We look at what the evidence actually says.

As a note, we will be taking a break next week for the holidays. See you January 6!

Time Stamps

[00:00] Intro

[00:54] Picks of the Week

[03:20] What is Screen Time?

[06:05] Screen Time and Obesity

[09:48] Poorer Diet

[10:57] Sleep Irregularity

[11:47] Behavioral Issues

[13:13] Educational Videos

[14:39] Our Thoughts

[16:47] Outro



AAP Guidelines on Screen Time

A Meta-analysis of Interventions That Target Children's Screen Time for Reduction

Time Well Spent? Relating Television Use to Children's Free-Time Activities

The Association Between Television Viewing and Irregular Sleep Schedules Among Children Less Than 3 Years of Age

Television Exposure and Overweight Risk in Preschoolers

Relationships between media use, body fatness and physical activity in children and youth: A meta-analysis

Influence of Limit-Setting and Participation in Physical Activity on Youth Screen Time

Television Viewing and its Associations with Overweight, Sedentary Lifestyle, and Insufficient Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables Among US High School Students: Differences by Race, Ethnicity, and Gender

Dec 16th, 2018 by evidencebasedparenting at 10:21 pm

In this episode, we tackle co-sleeping. There isn't a ton of evidence here, but we focused on what evidence their was, which relates to links between co-sleeping and SIDS, sleep disturbances, and behavioral issues--plus maternal self-efficacy!


Time Stamps

[00:00] Intro

[02:09] Pick of the Week

[03:42] Co-Sleeping Facts

[05:33] SIDS

[09:10] Sleep Disturbance

[11:37] Behavioral Changes

[14:40] Korean-American Mothers and Self-Efficacy

[16:31] Would We Do Anything Differently?

[19:36] Outro



The Atlantic Divide: Contrasting U.K. and U.S. Recommendations on Cosleeping and Bed-Sharing

Making informed choices on co-sleeping with your baby

Infant Suffocation Incidents Related to Co-Sleeping or Breastfeeding in the Side-Lying Position in Japan

Sleep patterns of co-sleeping and solitary sleeping infants and mothers: a longitudinal study

Cosleeping, sleep disturbances, children's behavioral problems, and parenting self‐efficacy among Korean American families

Dec 8th, 2018 by evidencebasedparenting at 8:48 pm

This episode is all about probiotics! Those helpful little bacteria that get you right. This episode hits on a lot of topics, so see the time stamps below if you want to listen or re-listen to one of those topics in particular. As usual, hit subscribe if you want to get updated when we have new episodes and please leave a review or rating!

Below the time stamps, I have a selection of the papers mentioned in the episode grouped by topic.


Time Stamps

[00:00] Introductions and fun stuff

[02:05] What are probiotics?

[04:47] Diarrhea and Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea

[08:54] Yeast Infections

[12:23] Ear Infections

[15:22] Urinary Tract Infections

[16:58] ADHD

[19:57] Atopic Dermatitis

[22:20] Allergies and Food Hypersensitivities

[24:32] Autism

[28:52] Mental Health

[33:09] Take Home Points and Outro



Diarrhea and Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea

Probiotics in the Treatment and Prevention of Acute Infectious Diarrhea in Infants and Children: A Systematic Review of Published Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trials

Probiotics for treatment of acute diarrhoea in children: randomised clinical trial of five different preparations

Probiotics in the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea in children: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Probiotics for the Prevention of Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea in Outpatients—A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Yeast Infections

Role of probiotics in prevention of Candida colonization and invasive candidiasis

Antimicrobial Efficacy of Probiotic and Herbal Oral Rinses against Candida albicans in Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Antifungal defense of probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG is mediated by blocking adhesion and nutrient depletion

Ear Infections

Probiotics in the treatment of otitis media. The past, the present and the future

Treatment of acute otitis media with probiotics in otitis-prone children—A double-blind, placebo-controlled randomised study


Probiotics Feeding in Prevention of Urinary Tract Infection, Bacterial Sepsis and Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Preterm Infants

Probiotics for preventing urinary tract infections in adults and children (Review)

Probiotics prophylaxis in children with persistent primary vesicoureteral reflux

Probiotic Prophylaxis in Pediatric Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections


Outcome-Based Comparison of Ritalin ® versus Food-Supplement Treated Children with AD/HD

A possible link between early probiotic intervention and the risk of neuropsychiatric disorders later in childhood: a randomized trial

Effect of early probiotic supplementation on childhood cognition, behaviour and mood a randomised, placebo‐controlled trial

Atopic Dermatitis

Probiotics and prevention of atopic disease: 4-year follow-up of a randomised placebo-controlled trial

Effect of probiotics on gastrointestinal symptoms and small intestinal permeability in children with atopic dermatitis

Allergies and Food Hypersensitivity

Probiotics for Prevention of Atopy and Food Hypersensitivity in Early ChildhoodProbiotics for Prevention of Atopy and Food Hypersensitivity in Early Childhood

Probiotics for the prevention of allergy: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Perinatal probiotic supplementation in the prevention of allergy related disease: 6 year follow up of a randomised controlled trial

Probiotics prevent IgE-associated allergy until age 5 years in cesarean-delivered children but not in the total cohort

Primary prevention of food allergy in children and adults: systematic review


Gut to brain interaction in Autism Spectrum Disorders: a randomized controlled trial on the role of probiotics on clinical, biochemical and neurophysiological parameters


Mental Health

The effects of probiotics on mental health and hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in petrochemical workers

What’s bugging your teen?—The microbiota and adolescent mental health

Harnessing Gut Microbes for Mental Health: Getting From Here to There


Dec 1st, 2018 by evidencebasedparenting at 5:37 pm

In this episode, we look at the data and science of the flu vaccine and whether we've been poking our kids for no reason. The real data surprised even us!


Show Notes:

How Vaccines Are Made

Vaccine Adverse Reaction Rates

Vaccine Effectiveness Data


***Disclaimer: The information contained in this podcast is not intended to be medical advice. Do not use the information in this podcast to diagnose or treat influenza or any other medical condition. This podcast is for informational purposes only.***