Evidence-Based Parenting

A podcast where common parenting decisions are looked at from an evidence-based perspective using actual data and research.

    Evidence-Based Parenting



Apr 14th, 2019 by evidencebasedparenting at 7:18 pm

This episode is a little bit of a different format. There are some statistics and some science involved, but it is mostly a PSA about how this can happen to anyone. An average of 37 children die every year by being left in a car by accident, and 55% of the parents involved swear they thought they did not have the child in the car. It happens to bad parents, but it happens to great parents too. It can happen to all of us because of how our brains are wired and prone to going on autopilot.

Please, please, please take this seriously and have a listen. Additionally, I implore you to check out the products and organizations below. There are also a couple of stories of people who you'd never think this kind of thing would happen to (including a family nurse practitioner).




Hot Car Deaths: Scientists Detail Why Parents Forget Their Children

Mother of Dead Baby Left in Hot Car Distraught (Since it is not included in this article, the ultimate outcome was that the judge dismissed the case citing her grief and guilt as the worst punishment she could get.)

Mar 26th, 2019 by evidencebasedparenting at 7:27 pm

In this episode we look at homeschooling. Ellie was homeschooled while Mike was not. We share a brief look at our experiences in school and then look at some actual evidence.


Time Stamps

[00:56] Intro

[04:25] Picks of the Week

[07:48] Our Homeschool and Public School Experiences

[13:30] Studies on Performance of Homeschool Students versus Public School Students

[16:26] Survey Results (Not Surv-way!)



Academic Achievement of Homeschool and Public School Students and Student Perception of Parent Involvement

Homeschool Progress Report 2009: Academic Achievement and Demographics

Homeschoolers on to College: What Research Shows Us



homeschool, homeschooling, public school, standardized tests, SAT, ACT, college, home school

Mar 6th, 2019 by evidencebasedparenting at 10:22 pm

Okay, since everyone seems to be all up in arms (or thighs!) about the Vitamin K shot, we thought we would put out this episode with the ACTUAL evidence and information about this life-saving intervention. There is a lot of misinformation out there, and we want to cut through that to get parents the real deal.


Time Stamps

[00:00] Intro Music

[00:27] Disclaimer

[00:58] Introduction to the Episodes/Picks of the Week

[05:18] Vitamin K in the News and Social Media

[08:42] Who Refuses and Why?

[10:12] What is Vitamin K

[11:03] Where do we get Vitamin K

[13:40] Vitamin K and the Placenta/Breast Milk

[14:05] Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding

[16:00] The Real Deal on the "Toxins"

[19:40] The Amount of Vitamin K in the Shot

[20:28] Side Effects

[21:05] Vitamin K Shot and Leukemia? Spoiler Alert: No Association

[22:45] Oral Dose?

[28:58] Outro


Papers and Links

Reasons for Refusal of Newborn Vitamin K Prophylaxis: Implications for Management and Education

Evidence on: The Vitamin K Shot in Newborns

The Science of Mom: Are the Ingredients in the Newborn Vitamin K Shot Safe?

Prophylactic vitamin K for vitamin K deficiency bleeding in neonates

What is Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding?

Intracranial haemorrhage is linked to late onset vitamin K deficiency in infants aged 2–24 weeks

Playing Newborn Intracranial Roulette: Parental Refusal of Vitamin K Injection

Another Disease Re-emerges Due to Parental Shot Refusal: Case Report of a Fussy Infant with Blood in Stool

Feb 24th, 2019 by evidencebasedparenting at 9:07 pm

In this episode, we take a look at the AAP car safety seat recommendations for 2019. In short, the recommendations have moved away from age-based benchmarks to height and weight, which based on the evidence seems to be the right move.


Time Stamps

[00:00] Plea for Rates/Reviews

[00:53] Disclaimer

[01:20] Introductions and Picks of the Week

[04:26] AAP Recommendation Summary

[06:15] Case Study on 5 Children Involved in Car Accidents

[09:34] How to Find Someone to Check Your Car Seat

[10:52] How Many People Install Seats or Position Children Incorrectly

[14:57] The Swedes are Great

[15:44] Puffy Coats

[19:00] Outro



AAP Recommendations for 2019

Unsafe from the Start: Serious Misuse of Car Safety Seats at Newborn Discharge

Cervical Spine Fractures Sustained by Young Children in Forward-Facing Car Seats

Get A Car Seat Checked

Feb 14th, 2019 by evidencebasedparenting at 8:38 pm

Join us on this special episode of Evidence-Based Parenting where we talk with Erin Elkins, a certified sleep consultant, about common issues parents face with sleep and sleep training.

Reach out to Erin on Facebook at Mama Bear Sleep Consulting or email her directly to mamabearsleepconsulting@gmail.com.


If you enjoyed this episode, please consider rating and reviewing the podcast on Apple Podcasts, iTunes, or whatever platform you use to listen to your favorite podcasts. We would love for more people to get this information, and the more ratings and reviews we have, the more people will see it. Thanks for listening!


Time Stamps

[00:00] Intro

[00:20] Disclaimer

[00:47] Picks of the Week

[01:48] Erin Elkins' Bio

[02:24] Getting to Know Erin

[04:33] Case 1: Sleep Association

[17:40] Case 2: Sleep Scheduling

[28:00] Various Thoughts on Books and Apps

[32:00] Red Flags

[35:00] Wrap Up/Take Home Points


Erin's Pick of the Week: Do Not Become Alarmed by Maile Meloy.

Feb 4th, 2019 by evidencebasedparenting at 7:34 pm

In this episode, we tackle some of the more common old wives' tales when it comes to parenting. Additionally, we are extending the raffle for the $25 Amazon gift card. If you rate AND review the podcast by Valentine's Day, you will be entered to win.


Time Stamps

[00:00] Intro

[00:17] Disclaimer

[00:46] Introductions and Picks of the Week

[03:31] Naps and Sleeping

[06:14] Sitting Too Close to the TV

[07:56] Chocolate and Acne

[09:12] Carrots and Super Vision

[11:56] Alcohol on the Gums for Teething (Spoiler: DON'T DO THIS)

[13:38] Vicks Vaporub on the Soles of the Feet for Cough

[17:30] Babies Sleep Better on a Full Belly

[19:00] Give Away Info and Next Episode Preview

Jan 25th, 2019 by evidencebasedparenting at 7:55 pm

Okay, here's another controversial one for you. Spanking! Is it effective? Is it harmful? Spoiler alert: it's harmful and ineffective. Double whammy.

If you enjoyed this episode, please consider rating and reviewing the podcast on Apple Podcasts, iTunes, or whatever platform you use to listen to your favorite podcasts. We would love for more people to get this information, and the more ratings and reviews we have, the more people will see it. Thanks for listening!

Time Stamps

[00:00] Giveaway plug

[00:30] Intro/Disclaimer

[01:17] Picks of the Week

[03:40] Spanking Stats

[09:00] Evidence

[11:30] AAP Recommendations

[13:10] Our Thoughts

[16:28] Giveaway Details/Outro


Effective Discipline to Raise Healthy Children

Spanking and child outcomes: Old controversies and new meta-analyses

Jan 16th, 2019 by evidencebasedparenting at 7:39 pm

This episode is the second part of our dietary theme. We look at vegetarianism and veganism in children. Is it safe? Is it healthier? Listen to find out!


Time Stamps

[00:00] Intro

[00:19] Disclaimer

[00:48] Banter and Picks of the Week

[02:26] Intro to Vegan and Vegetarianism

[03:02] Vegetarianism

[07:00] Vegan

[11:28] Our Thoughts

[15:12] Closing and Give Away



Vegetarian Diets in Children? - An Assessment from Pediatrics and Nutrition Science

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Changes in Body Weight in Clinical Trials of Vegetarian Diets

Vegetarian diets in children: a systematic review

Plant-Based, No-Added-Fat or American Heart Association Diets: Impact on Cardiovascular Risk in Obese Children with Hypercholesterolemia and Their Parents

Bone status and adipokine levels in children on vegetarian and omnivorous diets

Dec 23rd, 2018 by evidencebasedparenting at 7:36 pm

In this episode, we look at the American Academy of Pediatrics' (AAP) recommendation to have no more than 2 hours of screen time for children over age 2 and no screen time at all before age 2. The literature suggests that excess screen time is associated with obesity, poor diet, sleep irregularity, and behavioral issues. We look at what the evidence actually says.

As a note, we will be taking a break next week for the holidays. See you January 6!

Time Stamps

[00:00] Intro

[00:54] Picks of the Week

[03:20] What is Screen Time?

[06:05] Screen Time and Obesity

[09:48] Poorer Diet

[10:57] Sleep Irregularity

[11:47] Behavioral Issues

[13:13] Educational Videos

[14:39] Our Thoughts

[16:47] Outro



AAP Guidelines on Screen Time

A Meta-analysis of Interventions That Target Children's Screen Time for Reduction

Time Well Spent? Relating Television Use to Children's Free-Time Activities

The Association Between Television Viewing and Irregular Sleep Schedules Among Children Less Than 3 Years of Age

Television Exposure and Overweight Risk in Preschoolers

Relationships between media use, body fatness and physical activity in children and youth: A meta-analysis

Influence of Limit-Setting and Participation in Physical Activity on Youth Screen Time

Television Viewing and its Associations with Overweight, Sedentary Lifestyle, and Insufficient Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables Among US High School Students: Differences by Race, Ethnicity, and Gender